MySQL 安装数据仓库 Infobright  

Infobright是一个与MySQL集成的开源数据仓库(Data Warehouse)软件,可作为MySQL的一个存储引擎来使用,SELECT查询与普通MySQL无区别。

  一、Infobright的基本特征:
  优点:
  查询性能高:百万、千万、亿级记录数条件下,同等的SELECT查询语句,速度比MyISAM、InnoDB等普通的MySQL存储引擎快5~60倍
  存储数据量大:TB级数据大小,几十亿条记录
  高压缩比:在我们的项目中为18:1,极大地节省了数据存储空间
  基于列存储:无需建索引,无需分区
  适合复杂的分析性SQL查询:SUM, COUNT, AVG, GROUP BY

  限制:
  不支持数据更新:社区版Infobright只能使用“LOAD DATA INFILE”的方式导入数据,不支持INSERT、UPDATE、DELETE
  不支持高并发:只能支持10多个并发查询



  二、Infobright 安装与基本用法:
  1、下载安装社区版Infobright二进制Linux版本,端口3307

ulimit -SHn 65535
mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3307
/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql

cd /usr/local

  ①、64位系统:

wget http://www.infobright.org/downloads/ice/infobright-3.3.1-x86_64-ice.tar.gz
tar zxvf infobright-3.3.1-x86_64-ice.tar.gz
mv infobright-3.3.1-x86_64 infobright

  ②、32位系统:

wget http://www.infobright.org/downloads/ice/infobright-3.3.1-i686-ice.tar.gz
tar zxvf infobright-3.3.1-i686-ice.tar.gz
mv infobright-3.3.1-i686 infobright


cd infobright
./install-infobright.sh –datadir=/data0/mysql/3307/data –cachedir=/data0/mysql/3307/cache –config=/data0/mysql/3307/my.cnf –port=3307 –socket=/tmp/mysql3307.sock –user=mysql –group=mysql


  2、开始安装,提示以下信息:
Infobright installation script is running…
Checking system configuration…
Infobright license agreement…
System tool 'Less' – a text file viewer will be used to display license agreement.
Please only use up/down arrow keys for scrolling license text and press Q when finished reading.
Press R -Read license agreement, N -Exit the installation [R/N]:

  选择R,空格翻页到页尾,看到以下提示时,选择Q继续安装:

                     END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

============ Press Q to continue installation ==========
(END)

  接下来会显示以下信息,选择Y同意:
Press Y -I agree, Any other key -I do not agree [Y/*]:

  这时,会提示是否在线注册,选择N不注册:
Installation has been made for system user root and mysql.
Please see README or User guide for instructions related to start/stop the Infobright server and connect to it.
Register your copy of ICE and receive a free copy of the User Manual (a $50 value) as well as a copy of the Bloor Research Spotlight Report "What's Cool About Columns" which explains the differences and benefits of a columnar versus row database.
Registration will require opening an HTTP connection to Infobright, do you wish to register now? [Y/N]:



  3、修改Infobright内存使用限制

vi /data0/mysql/3307/data/brighthouse.ini

  根据自身的物理内存大小修改ServerMainHeapSize、ServerCompressedHeapSize、LoaderMainHeapSize的值,有参考:

############  Critical Memory Settings ############
# System Memory    Server Main Heap Size     Server Compressed Heap Size   Loader Main Heap Size
# 32GB                 24000                      4000                       800
# 16GB                 10000                      1000                       800
#  8GB                  4000                       500                       800
#  4GB                  1300                       400                       400
#  2GB                  600                        250                       320


  4、创建管理MySQL数据库的shell脚本:

vi /data0/mysql/3307/mysql

  输入以下内容(这里的用户名admin和密码12345678接下来的步骤会创建):

#!/bin/sh

mysql_port=3307
mysql_username="admin"
mysql_password="12345678"

function_start_mysql()
{
    printf "Starting MySQL…\n"
    cd /usr/local/infobright/ && /bin/sh ./bin/mysqld_safe –defaults-file=/data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/my.cnf 2>&1 > /dev/null &
}

function_stop_mysql()
{
    printf "Stoping MySQL…\n"
    cd /usr/local/infobright/ && ./bin/mysqladmin -u ${mysql_username} -p${mysql_password} -S /tmp/mysql${mysql_port}.sock shutdown
}

function_restart_mysql()
{
    printf "Restarting MySQL…\n"
    function_stop_mysql
    sleep 5
    function_start_mysql
}

function_kill_mysql()
{
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep 'bin/mysqld_safe' | grep ${mysql_port} | awk '{printf $2}')
    kill -9 $(ps -ef | grep 'libexec/mysqld' | grep ${mysql_port} | awk '{printf $2}')
}

if [ "$1" = "start" ]; then
    function_start_mysql
elif [ "$1" = "stop" ]; then
    function_stop_mysql
elif [ "$1" = "restart" ]; then
function_restart_mysql
elif [ "$1" = "kill" ]; then
function_kill_mysql
else
    printf "Usage: /data0/mysql/${mysql_port}/mysql {start|stop|restart|kill}\n"
fi



  5、赋予shell脚本可执行权限:

chmod +x /data0/mysql/3307/mysql


  6、启动MySQL/Infobright:

/data0/mysql/3307/mysql start


  7、通过命令行登录管理MySQL服务器(提示输入密码时直接回车):

/usr/local/infobright/bin/mysql -u root -p -S /tmp/mysql3307.sock


  8、输入以下SQL语句,创建一个具有root权限的用户(admin)和密码(12345678):

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'admin'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '12345678';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'admin'@'127.0.0.1' IDENTIFIED BY '12345678';


  9、示例:从普通的MySQL数据库(假设MySQL安装路径为/usr/local/webserver/mysql)导出数据到csv文件:

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql -S /tmp/mysql3306.sock -D tongji_logs -e "select * from log_visits_2010_05_10 into outfile '/data0/test.csv' FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ENCLOSED BY '\"'  ESCAPED BY '\\\' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n';"


  10、示例:普通MySQL和Infobright建表对比
  ①、普通MySQL的InnoDB存储引擎建表:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `log_visits_2010_05_12` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `cate_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `site_id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL,
  `visitor_localtime` char(8) NOT NULL,
  `visitor_idcookie` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  KEY `cate_site_id` (`cate_id`,`site_id`),
  KEY `visitor_localtime` (`visitor_localtime`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

  ②、Infobright的BRIGHTHOUSE存储引擎建表:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `log_visits` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `cate_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `site_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `visitor_localtime` char(8) NOT NULL,
  `visitor_idcookie` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
) ENGINE=BRIGHTHOUSE DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

  注:BRIGHTHOUSE存储引擎建表时不能有AUTO_INCREMENT自增、unsigned无符号、unique唯一、主键PRIMARY KEY、索引KEY。



  11、示例:从csv文件导入数据到Infobright数据仓库:

/usr/local/infobright/bin/mysql -S /tmp/mysql3307.sock -D dw –skip-column-names -e "LOAD DATA INFILE '/data0/test.csv' INTO TABLE log_visits_2010_04_13 FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ESCAPED BY '\\\' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n';"


  12、示例:普通MySQL和Infobright查询速度对比(共220多万条记录):
  ①、普通MySQL的InnoDB存储引擎(已建索引):

mysql> SELECT config_browser_name, count(*) AS total FROM `browser_info` GROUP BY config_browser_name order by total DESC;
+———————+———+
| config_browser_name | total   |
+———————+———+
| IE                  | 2204016 |
| CH                  |   20650 |
| FF                  |   10475 |
| MO                  |    6147 |
| OT                  |    1631 |
| OP                  |    1282 |
| SF                  |     797 |
| KM                  |       5 |
| KO                  |       2 |
+———————+———+
9 rows in set (1 min 28.13 sec)

  ②、Infobright的BRIGHTHOUSE存储引擎:

mysql> SELECT config_browser_name, count(*) AS total FROM `browser_info` GROUP BY config_browser_name order by total DESC;
+———————+———+
| config_browser_name | total   |
+———————+———+
| IE                  | 2204016 |
| CH                  |   20650 |
| FF                  |   10475 |
| MO                  |    6147 |
| OT                  |    1631 |
| OP                  |    1282 |
| SF                  |     797 |
| KM                  |       5 |
| KO                  |       2 |
+———————+———+
9 rows in set (0.84 sec)


  13、(可选)停止MySQL/Infobright:

/data0/mysql/3307/mysql stop

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