Oracle行列转换的一点小总结(4)  

多行转换成字符串
CREATE TABLE t_row_str(
ID INT,
col VARCHAR2(10));

INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(1,’a’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(1,’b’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(1,’c’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(2,’a’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(2,’d’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(2,’e’);
INSERT INTO t_row_str VALUES(3,’c’);
COMMIT;

SELECT * FROM t_row_str;

1)MAX + decode
适用范围:8i,9i,10g及以后版本
SELECT id,
MAX(decode(rn, 1, col, NULL)) ||
MAX(decode(rn, 2, ‘,’ || col, NULL)) ||
MAX(decode(rn, 3, ‘,’ || col, NULL)) str
FROM (SELECT id,
col,
row_number() over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) AS rn
FROM t_row_str) t
GROUP BY id
ORDER BY 1;

2)row_number + lead
适用范围:8i,9i,10g及以后版本
SELECT id, str
FROM (SELECT id,
row_number() over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) AS rn,
col || lead(‘,’ || col, 1) over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) ||
lead(‘,’ || col, 2) over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) ||
lead(‘,’ || col, 3) over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) AS str
FROM t_row_str)
WHERE rn = 1
ORDER BY 1;

3)MODEL
适用范围:10g及以后版本
SELECT id, substr(str, 2) str FROM t_row_str
MODEL
RETURN UPDATED ROWS
PARTITION BY(ID)
DIMENSION BY(row_number() over(PARTITION BY ID ORDER BY col) AS rn)
MEASURES (CAST(col AS VARCHAR2(20)) AS str)
RULES UPSERT
ITERATE(3) UNTIL( presentv(str[iteration_number+2],1,0)=0)
(str[0] = str[0] || ‘,’ || str[iteration_number+1])
ORDER BY 1;

4)sys_connect_by_path
适用范围:8i,9i,10g及以后版本
SELECT t.id id, MAX(substr(sys_connect_by_path(t.col, ‘,’), 2)) str
FROM (SELECT id, col, row_number() over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) rn
FROM t_row_str) t
START WITH rn = 1
CONNECT BY rn = PRIOR rn + 1
AND id = PRIOR id
GROUP BY t.id;

适用范围:10g及以后版本
SELECT t.id id, substr(sys_connect_by_path(t.col, ‘,’), 2) str
FROM (SELECT id, col, row_number() over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY col) rn
FROM t_row_str) t
WHERE connect_by_isleaf = 1
START WITH rn = 1
CONNECT BY rn = PRIOR rn + 1
AND id = PRIOR id;

5)wmsys.wm_concat
适用范围:10g及以后版本
这个函数预定义按’,’分隔字符串,若要用其他符号分隔可以用,replace将’,’替换。

SELECT id, REPLACE(wmsys.wm_concat(col), ‘,’, ‘/’)
FROM t_row_str
GROUP BY id;

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